• Land clearing for agriculture purposes (rice fields) - Land clearing for rice fields threathens the habitat of the Javan Rhinoceros. Such a threat is getting serious because communities have their perception of improving the harvested crop by extending their land.
• Illegal logging - Illegal logging, which threathens the area of Mount Honje, is done since people need to meet their neccesities and they do not have other activities that give them additional income. Ignoring such a threat means promoting the escalation of it until it destroys the habitat of the Javan Rhinoceros.
• Forest fire (Fire & Fire Extinguishing) – The last forest fire case that happened in the area of Mount Honje was in 2007. It was triggered by people who carelessly threw their cigarette butts away and those who forgot to extinguish their campfires during their honey search. The impact of the fire was small because the community participated in extinguishing it and the TNUK rangers quickly responded to it.
• Boar hunting in the TNUK area (Terrestrial Animal Hunting & Poaching) – People hunt the boar because it is considered a pest to their crops. The boar hunting impact is very small since it has always done in the eastern part of Mount Honje only.
• Illegal mining (Mining & Excavation) – People used to run illegal mining to get sand, rocks, and gold. It is no longer done since there are cheaper and easy-to-find alternatives, and strict law enforcement in this area.
The area of Ujung Kulon National Park which covers Mount Honje, Ujung Kulon Peninsula and Panaitan Island is part of the young tertiary mountainous region covering the pre-tertiary strata of Sundaland during the tertiary era. During the Pleistocene Epoch, the mountainous region of Honje formed the southern tip of the mountainous region of Bukit Barisan in Sumatera. The southern tip of this mountainous region was then separated from the rest of it after the fold of Sunda Strait dome. The middle and eastern part of Ujung Kulon Peninsula consists of the formation of miocene limestone covered by alluvial sediment in the north and sand sediment in the south.
The western part of Ujung Kulon Peninsula is the mountainous region of Mount Payung formed by miocene sediment. The eastern part of the Peninsula, which is also the mountainous region of Honje, has older rocks and is covered by volcanic sediment and marine tufa in the middle and by limestone rock and marl in the east.
Panaitan Island’s fold and rock formations are similar to those of Mount Payung. To the west of the island, mainly the northwest part, there are volcanic materials such as breccia, tufa and quartzite formed during the Holocene Epoch.
The soil of the Ujung Kulon National Park, especially the Ujung Kulon Peninsula, has been through extensive local modification after the formation of volcanic sediment during the eruption of Mount Krakatau in 1883 (Hommel, 1987). The main parts of the soil of Ujung Kulon National Park are from volcanic rock such as red lava rock, marl, tuff, sandy rock and conglomerate. Parts of Mount Honje, Ujung Kulon Peninsula and Peucang Island are mostly covered by complex soil of grumusol, regosol and mediterranean, with physiographycally fold hills. In the area of Mount Honje there are types of sandy gray regosol soil at the coastal part, yellow-brown podzolic soil, mediterranean soil, grumusol, regosol dan latosol. The soil types are generally poor in nutrients and low in fertility.
|Total Habitat Size (Hectares)||120551|
|Target Habitat Size (Hectares)||11691|
|Total Target Population||28273|
|Total Population at Target Site||58934|
|Farmers who own personal plots outside the area of Cegog, Cibadak and Ujung Jaya Villages (primary audience)|
|Farmers who own plots within the area of TNUK (secondary audience)|
|# of species on IUCN Red List of Threatened Species list||3|
|List names of IUCN Red List of Threatened Species at site||Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus)|
Silvery Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch)
Javan Surili (Presbytis comata)
|# of endemic species||3|
|List names of endemic species at site||Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus)|
Silvery Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch)
Javan Surili (Presbytis comata)
|Radio programs related to campaign||2|
|Radio Shows & Spots||yes|
|Number of Press Hits||1|
|Were pictures from this campaign uploaded to photo-sharing sites? (e.g. Flickr)||no|
|Were videos from the campaign uploaded to sites like YouTube?||no|
|Are there groups for this campaign on other social networking sites? (Facebook, MySpace, Orkut, etc.)||yes|
|Number environmental clubs formed||1|
|Number garden demonstration plots made||1|
|Number flagship costume done||1|
To reduction threat to Ujung Kulon National Park as habitat of Javan Rhinoceros, it’s really important to decrease forest clearing for agriculture and illegal logging. Local farmers will have information about Ujung Kulon National Park biodiversity, the advantage to adopt settled agriculture and other income source which already develop in that region. The new system and agriculture technique will give higher and sustainable income and also help to protect forest livelihood. Farmers will be introducing with those technique, beside that they also will get agriculture training technical support to adopt and implement the technique. In the first year campaign, there was 50% adoption of agriculture intensification technique. This pride campaign considered as a successful campaign if 30% farmers in Ujung Kulon National Park didn’t do forest clearing and extend their cultivation land in one year campaign and also in 2015 no longer forest clearing reported.
|June 2010, 90 % of farmers in 3 primary target village agreed to implement agriculture intensification from 78% farmer as pre survey result||-21|
|By the end of June 2010, cultivation farmers outside UKNP in 3 primary target village agree that agriculture intensification system can minimize cultivation land extension or forest encroachment in UKNP, increase from 42.7 % to 70%.||8|
|June 2010, cultivation farmers outside UKNP in 3 primary target village are agree using their money as a saving, increase from 24.4 % to 35%.||-19|
|June 2010, Incomprehension of farmers outside UKNP in 3 primary target village decrease from 86.59 % to 70% from pre survey last year||7|
|June 2010, Knowledge about using other saving (money, education, tree and gold) beside rice field inside national park of farmers outside UKNP in 3 primary target village will increase from 37.8 % to 50 %||-29|
|By the end of Pride activity (June 2010), 30% of farmers that cultivate land outside UKNP area in 3 primary target villages have implemented agriculture intensification pattern (83 people)||55|
|By the end of Pride activity (June 2010), 30% of farmers that cultivate land within UKNP area in 3 primary target villages will not do land encroachment to further extend their cultivation land||85|
|By June 2010, 20% of community that cultivate land within the UKNP area will talk to their friends about a more productive and sustainable agriculture technique outside NP area (up from 3.9%)||4|
|By 2012, the habitat of the Javan Rhinoceros will no longer be threathened by land clearing for agricultural purposes in the area of TNUK.|
|Percent with secondary or more education||16|
|Percent that watch TV at least occasionally (all but never Percentage)||54|
|Percent that live in rural areas||100|
|Percentage of the target population that has heard a radio spot about campaign topic||60|
|Percentage of the target populations that has heard a song on radio||38|
|Percent that listen to radio at least occasionally (all but never Percentage)||38|
|Percent that are unemployed/not working (Percentage)||2|
|Percent of sample that is male (Percentage)||69|
|Percent of sample that is 25 or younger (Percentage)||14|
|Percent that are employed in agriculture or fishing (Percentage)||70|
|Percent that are currently students (Percentage)||1|
Project Code: UJUNGK
Campaign Dates: 2008-09-01 - 2010-06-01